Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT)
The term laser is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. It is a therapy that uses a low level laser or light-emitting diode (LED) to reduce inflammation, improve tissue repair and reduce pain.
Laser is best used on superficial vascular tissues (those with a good blood supply) such as wounds, muscle, nerve and tendon sheath. Laser uses a combination of red (visible) and infrared (non visible) light, with infrared light penetrating deeper than red light. Laser light targets cell membranes. It is seen as a trigger for the alteration of cell metabolic processes. It up-regulates cell activity by targeting the chromophores (bio-molecules that absorb light) typically found in mitochondria. This light energy is transformed into biochemical energy stimulating tissue repair.
Laser is useful for the following:
- Nerve compression
- Open & post surgical wounds
- Gross oedema
- Pain reduction
- Soft tissue injury
- Enhancing circulation
- Helping to re-establish lymphatic drainage